Elder and Miller's Evaluative Criteria
Elder and Miller's (199) criteria for rigorous qualitative research include:
- What is the research question? Is it practical and important? The question should be clearly stated.
- What type of study design is best for addressing a particular research question?
- What are the specifics of the study design?
- Who are the participants and how are they chosen?
- How are the data collected?
- How are the data analyzed?
- Sampling approach should be adequately defined and appropriate for addressing research question.
- The data collection method should be described in detail and a rationale for method choices provided (audit trail).
- The data analysis process should be described in detail and include specifically steps to examine negative or deviant cases and describe how these cases inform the analysis.
- Is the study trustworthy - is the study interpretation valid relative to its intent?
- Is the study believable - does the story of the report make sense? Evaluating this feature has a great deal to do with the rhetorical quality of a report.
- Does the study make a contribution?
Elder, NC. & Miller, WL. (1995). "Reading and evaluating qualitative research studies." The Journal of Family Practice. 41(3), pp. 279-285.
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